2018考研英语阅读真题难点精析(2003年Text3)

2022年 12月 10日 作者 gong2022 0


2018考研的复习已经能到了攻坚阶段,对于英语的学习来说,此时最重要的任务就是历年考研英语阅读真题的精析。考生必须将每一道题目的解题思路分析清楚,尤其是对于一些难点题目。因为考研英语的学习是一项精细化的工程,必须吃透文章和题目。以下是2018考研英语阅读真题难点精析(2003年Text3),供考生们参阅:

今天我们要分析的题目来自于2003年考研英语真题的阅读第三篇。为了帮助大家解析,考研老师将定位句和题目对应给出,方便精析。

31. According to those who support mergers, railway monopoly is unlikely because ______.

[A] cost reduction is based on competition

[B] services call for

cross-trade coordination

[C] outside competitors will continue to exist

[D] shippers will have the railway by the throat

定位句:Supporters of the new supersystems argue that these mergers will allow for substantial cost reductions… Any threat of monopoly, they argue, is removed by fierce competition from trucks.这个新体系的支持者即是合并的支持者,他们认为铁路的垄断不太可能出现的原因是fierce competition from trucks来自卡车的激烈竞争。所以答案选择[C] outside competitors will continue to exist外部竞争者会一直存在,就是说的卡车行业的竞争。

32. What is many captive shippers’ attitude towards the consolidation in the rail industry?

[A] Indifferent.

[B] Supportive.

[C] Indignant.

[D] Apprehensive.

定位句:But many shippers complain that for heavy bulk commodities traveling long distances, trucking is too costly and the railroads therefore have them by the throat.许多运货商抱怨,对于长距离的大宗物品而言,卡车运输太昂贵,如此铁路便遏制住了他们的咽喉。由此可以看出这些运货商对待铁路行业兼并的态度是抱怨,害怕受到限制。所以对应答案是[D] Apprehensive.忧虑的,担心的。其他选项[A] Indifferent漠不关心 [B] Supportive支持,[C] Indignant气愤。

33. It can be inferred from Paragraph 3 that ________.

[A] shippers will be charged less without a rival railroad

[B] there will soon be only one railroad company nationwide

[C] overcharged shippers are unlikely to appeal for rate relief

[D] a government board ensures fair play in railway business

定位句:Shippers have the right to appeal to the federal government’s STB for rate relief, but the process is expensive, time-consuming, and will work only in truly extreme cases.运货商如果感觉被过度收费了可以向委员会申诉降低价格,但是申诉的过程是漫长的,并且只有在极个别情况下才有用。由此可以判断申诉是基本没用的,所以可推出运货商不太会选择申诉这条路。所以答案选择[C] overcharged shippers are unlikely to appeal for rate relief被过度收费的运货商不太可能去为了降低价格而申诉。

以上便是2003年考研英语真题第三篇阅读真题的难点解析,通过定位和分析,相信同学们会对解题思路和过程把握的更加清楚。做题时一定要严格的按照定位的原则,找到问题的出处,再根据定位句核心信息匹配正确选项。

考研会及时为考生们推送新鲜、有效且实用复习资料以及资讯类信息,来帮助征战2018考研的考生。关注考研网【kaoyan.wendu.com】,了解更多有关考研英语的相关内容。2018考研路,有你有。

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